If you are from Bihar or want to know about Bihar, then this is the final destination for all your queries regarding Bihar. This article on Bihar covers Essay on Bihar, About Bihar, its size, population, climate, rivers, tourism places, etc.
Quick facts on Bihar: Here are some glances or facts about Bihar.
|Population||128.3 million (3rd most populated State in India)|
|Size||94,163 km² (12th largest in India)|
|Number of Districts||38 districts|
|Official Language||Hindi and Urdu|
|Current CM||Nitish Kumar|
History of Bihar – Ancient, Mediaeval and Modern
The history of Bihar is quite complex as it was ruled by many great emperors of India. Bihar marks its history with mentions of Magadha, Mithila, Bhojpur, Chirand, etc.
Magadha – The Kingdom of the Mauryan Empire, came to be known as the centre of learning and culture thousands of years ago. Magadha also marks its history for the birth of two pacifist religions namely, Buddhism and Jainism.
Mithila – The region of Mithila first gained prominence after the settlement of Indo-Aryans. They were known for the establishment of the Videha kingdom whose kings were known as Janaka’s.
Chirand – Chirand is an archaeological site located in the Saran district of Bihar. It is about 14 km from Chapra (headquarter of Saran) according to google maps. Chirand has a large collection of pre-historic mounds ruled by the Pal dynasty.
Here is the list of kingdoms that ruled Bihar in Vedic, medieval, and modern India.
- Vedic Kingdoms – Anga, Videha (Mithila), Magadha kingdom.
- Middle Kingdoms – Shunga dynasty, Gupta, Pala dynasty.
- Mediaeval kingdoms – karnat dynasty, pithipatis, chero, etc.
- Modern period – Sur Empire, Mughals, British.
Bihar was a wealthy state before the mineral-rich Southern part of Bihar was carved out. This carved out part came to be known as Jharkhand.
This trembled the economy of Bihar, and hence the formation of Jharkhand was marked as one of the causes of the lack of economic development in Bihar.
Adding these lines to your essay of Bihar in English makes it more interesting and meaningful.
Neighbours of Bihar: States and Countries
Bihar shares its boundary with Nepal (from the north), Uttar Pradesh (from the west), West Bengal (from the east) and Jharkhand from the Southern part.
Let’s have a look at the length of Boundary shared by Bihar with its neighbouring states and countries.
- Nepal – 729 km
- Uttar Pradesh – No info available
- Jharkhand – No info available
- West Bengal – No info available
With good relationships with neighbouring countries such as Nepal, there is no need for a passport to travel. Also, many clothes sellers come to Bihar in search of customers for their beautiful shawls, blankets, etc.
Also Read – Best Restaurants in Patna Boring Road
Climate & Weather of Bihar – Essay on Bihar
Moving forward to our essay on Bihar, If we talk about its weather, Bihar has a subtropical climate with hot summers accompanied by cold winters with freezing wind.
Weather changes frequently sometimes, there is hot weather and suddenly the weather moods change once rain follows its path.
According to word data, the average daily high temperature of Bihar is only 26 degrees centigrade, making it one of the coldest regions in India. But don’t forget that there are some months, especially May and June where you will find it to be hotter than other months.
Bihar has also experienced the lowest low in January 2017 with -2°C in Forbesganj (a city in Bihar) and 0°C in Gaya.
Monsoon is unpredictable in Bihar, usually in Bihar but roughly begins in mid-June and ends in September.
So, the people of Bihar are always prepared for both the seasons and enjoy living in Bihar. With such information, your speech on Bihar shines like a piece of glory for Bihar.
Also Read – Essay on Chhapra Bihar 2022
Rivers in Bihar – Origin, Tributaries & passing Districts
The river Ganga passes from most districts in Bihar, making its soil fit for agriculture and providing an abundance of water accompanied by a favourable climate.
Different Rivers in Bihar based on Size, water availability, etc.
Based on water availability we can divide Bihar into two parts, the Northern region and the Southern region. The river Ganga passed in between these rivers and separate them.
The northern region is perennial which means the rivers in these areas flow all the year, while rivers in southern regions are non-perennial meaning flow during the rainy season mainly and almost dry during the summer season.
A lot of rivers and their tributaries are flowing in Bihar. Here we have classified some important northern and southern rivers of Bihar. These are as follows:-
- Rivers in North Bihar – Ghagra (Saryu), Gandak, Kosi, Bagmati and Mahananda.
- Rivers in South Bihar – Son, Punpun, Karmanasa, North Koyal and Phalgu.
Let’s look a little more at these rivers one by one.
- Ganga – Ganga is one of the main rivers of Bihar and is a holy river. In Bihar, it enters through Chausa which forms the boundary with Bhojpur and Saran district. It is the largest flowing river in Bihar and hence supports maximum cropping areas.
Tributaries of Ganga– Bagmati, Gandak, Kosi, Kali, Sone, Punpun and Karmanasa.
- Son – It is one of the most important rivers of the South region of Bihar. It originates from the Amarkantak hills in Madhya Pradesh. After flowing for a while it joins the river Ganga at Maner in Bihar.
Tributaries of Son– North koel and Rihand.
- Punpun:- It is the second most important river of the southern region of Bihar. Punpun originated from Chota Nagpur plateau region of Jharkhand and enters Bihar into Aurangabad and flows through Patna and Arwal.
At last, it’s submerged into Ganga at fatuwah Patna.
- Kosi:- Kosi river is known as the sorrow of Bihar. It is also known as Saptakoshi as it has seven tributaries. It joins the Ganga river at the katihar district in Bihar.
- Bagmati river:- It is one of the holy rivers of Nepal. It flows through the valley of Kathmandu and it flows through samastipur, Muzaffarpur and Darbhanga. It is a tributary of the kosi river.
Tributaries of Bagmati – Old Kamla, Lakhandei, hasanpur Bagmati
- Mahananda River – Originates from the Himalayan range in Nepal. It enters into Bihar in kishanganj and flows through Purnea. At last, it mixes in Ganga in the katihar district of Bihar.
Tourist Places in Bihar – Zoo, Archaeological Site & Tiger reserve
Bihar is indeed a beautiful state, a state filled with joy, fraternity and culture. You will find many places to visit in Bihar and compiled for essay on bihar tourism , we have listed some of them below :
Sanjay Gandhi Biological Park (Patna zoo)
Sanjay Gandhi Biological Park or Patna zoo is one of the famous places in Bihar. It is located in the capital city of Patna. It opens all day except Monday. It is a biological park.
A lot of different varieties of animals are kept here. This place is suitable for people of all ages.
- Timing:- March to October 5 am to 6 pm, November to February 6 am to 5 pm (Monday closed)
- Location:- Bailey road, Rajbanshi Nagar, Patna
Also Read – Places to visit in Chhapra
Rajgir Zoo Safari
This is the newly made zoo Safari in Rajgir and was made with a budget of 177 crores by the inauguration of CM Nitish Kumar.
You can enjoy a nature Safari here. It is located in the Nalanda district. You can book your ticket at just 250 from the website of the zoo Safari at Rajgirzoosafari.com.
There are 2 tigers, 8 lions, 2 leopards and many other different animals to watch here in this zoo Safari.
Rajgir Glass Bridge (Skywalk)
Rajgir Glass Bridge is a newly inaugurated and adventurous tourist place in Bihar. It is a bridge that is made up of glass and is 85ft long and 5ft broad. It is situated 250ft high. Rajgir Glass Breeze is the second of its kind in India.
- Timing:- Booking time 8-11 am
- Skywalk time:- 8 am to 5 pm
Buddha Smriti Park
Buddha Smriti Park is located in Patna near Patna junction. It is a very beautiful park with a beautiful interior design supported by different flowers.
Buddha Smriti park covers an area of 22 acres. In the middle of the park, there is a 200ft high stupa named Patliputra Karuna Stupa. It is a peaceful place devoted to Lord Buddha.
- Timing:- 9 am to 7 pm, Monday closed
Chirand is an archaeological site in Bihar located in the Saran district. It is situated in the Northern region of Ganga. It is the first known site of the pala and Neolithic age. A variety of old age sculptures and paintings are found here during excavations.
Valmiki Nagar and Ashram
Valmiki Nagar is a very beautiful place situated near the Nepal border. High mountains, forests, tiger reserves and many temples are situated here. Valmiki rishi, the author of Ramayana, used to live here in Valmiki ashram.
Valmiki Ashram is situated in Nepal, inside Chitwan National park. It is not so far from Valmiki Nagar. It is said that valmiki rishi used to live there and here he wrote Ramayan. Sita came here to live during her pregnancy. Luv and Kush were born here.
Valmiki Nagar tiger reserve
It is situated in the Champaran district of Bihar. It is the only tiger reserve in Bihar. You can enjoy a nature Safari here. As it is a reserve for tigers, a lot of different animals can be seen here.
Mixing Things Above
Bihar is a pious land that marks its history as the birthplace of Hindu goddess Sita and has many archaeological sources about its past.
We have listed all your queries About Bihar in English and have detailed a brief description of the Essay on Bihar in english.
FAQs on essay on Bihar
Why is Bihar famous?
Bihar is famous for many historic events such as the birth of two major religions Buddhism and Jainism. The land of the world’s oldest university : Nalanda Vishwavidalaya and many more.
What is the capital of Bihar?
Patna is the capital of Bihar. Patna was known as Patliputra in the past.